By David W. Baker
Those 3 brief prophetic books of the previous testomony each one include a twin message. On one hand are messages of coming near near judgment---for all peoples at the Day of the Lord, for an enemy of Israel, and for Israel herself. however are messages of significant hope---of the pouring out of God's Spirit, of recovery and renewal, and of a coming Messiah. putting judgment and wish jointly in any such demeanour could appear paradoxical to a latest attitude. however the entire message of those prophets supplies a fuller photo of God---who despises and rightly judges sin and uprising, yet who additionally lovingly invitations humans to come to him in order that he may perhaps bestow his incredible grace and benefits. it's a message no much less well timed at the present time than whilst those books have been first written, and David W. Baker skillfully bridges the centuries in assisting believers this day comprehend and practice it. so much Bible commentaries take us on a one-way journey from our global to the realm of the Bible. yet they depart us there, assuming that we will one way or the other make the go back trip on our personal. They concentrate on the unique which means of the passage yet do not speak about its modern software. the data they provide is valuable---but the task is just part performed! The NIV program remark sequence is helping carry either halves of the interpretive activity jointly. This precise, award-winning sequence exhibits readers how you can convey an historic message into our postmodern context. It explains not just what the Bible intended but in addition the way it speaks powerfully this day.
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Extra resources for Joel, Obadiah, Malachi (NIV Application Commentary, The)
48. This interjection is usually followed immediately by the person addressed (Judg. , Josh. 7:7; Judg. 6:22). For a survey of passages in which it occurs, see Siegfried Bergler, Joel als Schriftinterpret (BEATAJ 16; Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1988), 78–84. 49. Williams, Hebrew Syntax, §83, 85 respectively. , “the God” (§88). 52 Joel 1:1–20 The prophet seems to be combining quotations from earlier prophecies, such as Ezekiel 30:2b–3 (“Alas [hâ instead of ,ahâ] for that day! For the day is near, the day of the LORD is near”) and Isaiah 13:6 (“for the day of the LORD is near; it will come like destruction from the Almighty”; cf.
Deut. 7:1; Jer. , Deut. 32:28; Judg. 2:20). In one other case apart from Joel, it is used in conjunction with animals (Zeph. 19 Animal metaphors more regularly occur 15. Crenshaw, Joel, 94. 16. Wine’s occurrence here at both the start and end of the prophecy forms a chiasm; see Bliese, “Metrical Sequences,” 56. 17. Gôy, used 10 times in the book. 18. 22:16; Deut. 22:28) who is wearing sackcloth. This course, black fabric (Isa. 50:3; Rev. 6:12) made from goats’ hair27 is worn against the skin (2 Kings 6:30) around the waist (1 Kings 20:32; Isa. , 2 Sam. 3:31; Isa. 22:12; Lam. 2:10; Joel 1:13; Jon. 28 In this case mourning is due to the loss of her husband (Gen. 20:3; Ex. 21:3), whom she had taken while she was young (in “her youth”). , Lev. 22:13; Num. 30:3, 16). This is difficult in this context since she does have a husband. The phrase can also refer simply to age, without any connotation of marriage, a “time of youth,” an early age (Gen.
22:16; Deut. 22:28) who is wearing sackcloth. This course, black fabric (Isa. 50:3; Rev. 6:12) made from goats’ hair27 is worn against the skin (2 Kings 6:30) around the waist (1 Kings 20:32; Isa. , 2 Sam. 3:31; Isa. 22:12; Lam. 2:10; Joel 1:13; Jon. 28 In this case mourning is due to the loss of her husband (Gen. 20:3; Ex. 21:3), whom she had taken while she was young (in “her youth”). , Lev. 22:13; Num. 30:3, 16). This is difficult in this context since she does have a husband. The phrase can also refer simply to age, without any connotation of marriage, a “time of youth,” an early age (Gen.