By D. V. Johnson (auth.), Shri Mohan Jain, Jameel M. Al-Khayri, Dennis V. Johnson (eds.)
This very important reference e-book is the 1st finished source around the globe that displays study achievements in date palm biotechnology, documenting learn occasions over the last 4 many years, present prestige, and destiny outlook. It brings jointly the foundations and practices of latest date palm biotechnology. The publication is key for researchers, coverage makers, and advertisement marketers interested in date palm. it really is beneficial for date palm biotechnology scholars and experts. This enormous paintings is written through a world staff of skilled researchers from either academia and undefined. each one bankruptcy includes history wisdom on the topic of the subject, via a entire literature overview of analysis method and effects together with the authors' personal event and supported with illustrative tables and images. as well as an introductory bankruptcy, the e-book includes thirty evaluate chapters highlighting growth and present learn prestige overlaying a number of elements of date palm biotechnology in 5 sections: A) speak about the study improvement, method, and advertisement software of micropropagation in seven chapters, B) take care of the study improvement and functions of somaclonal edition and mutation in date palm, coated in seven chapters, C) Describe the prestige of date palm germplasm and present options hired in conservation and molecular characterization are defined in seven chapters, D) tackle examine growth made in date palm genetics and breeding in 8 chapters, E) Describe updated development made in metabolites and commercial biotechnology in 3 chapters.
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Additional info for Date Palm Biotechnology
By micropropagation based on organogenesis, this rate is of 3 every 2 months; more than half million shoots can be obtained within 2 years from only one proliferating explant. But, it is important to note that the very low potential of propagation with offshoots can be considered quite sufficient as demonstrated by the two following examples. First, California planters continue to use offshoots for the renewal of their plantation even though it was in California, in 1979, where the first propagation of date palm by somatic embryogenesis from offshoots was achieved (Tisserat 1979).
5 Conclusion It is clear that tissue culture multiplication technique can be a very efficient tool for the development of the date palm culture in defined cases: to reconstitute the groves destroyed by bayoud disease by planting resistant and high fruit quality cultivars, to improve the quality of the date fruit production with elite cultivars, to extend the date culture into new areas with adapted cultivars and to facilitate safe germplasm exchanges. One of the main technological factors limiting the use of this technique is the production of abnormal plants, when plantlets are obtained by somatic embryogenesis.
Furthermore, 50% of the seedlings may turn out to be males. Also, date fruits from seedling plants are often smaller and of poorer quality. The common means of propagation is by transplanting suckers or offshoots when they are 3–5 years old. Plants grown from offshoots will fruit 2–3 years earlier than seedling plants. However, offshoots develop slowly and the numbers produced per tree are limited. Also, they are produced only during the early years of life of the mother palm. Offshoots will not survive in the field unless they are large enough.