By J. C. Yardley, J. E. Atkinson
This ebook provides a translation, with remark, of an enormous Roman resource at the finish of the reign of Alexander the nice. publication 10 of Curtius' Histories covers the reign of terror and mutiny that upon Alexander's go back from India; and gives the fullest account of the facility fight that started in Babylon instantly after his demise. The advent establishes a profile of Curtius Rufus (quite most likely a Roman Senator of the 1st century AD), and his schedule as a historian. John Yardley's translation and the remark are designed for the reader with out Latin. The observation offers certain research of the historic occasions of the an important interval 325-3 BC coated by means of Curtius, and likewise attempts to get at the back of the skin point of aspiring to express how Curtius meant his historical past to be a textual content for his time. Curtius' textual content is additionally tested as a literary success in its personal correct.
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Extra resources for Curtius Rufus, Histories of Alexander the Great
The Xow of Curtius’ narrative, if anything, tells against the idea that he switched sources on Parmenion from the beginning of Book 7. Curtius could allow a character to take diVerent values as the needs of each new episode dictated,68 and in this case he heightens the drama by building up a picture of how the troops came to believe that Philotas was guilty, and uses the break between books to mark the gap before the reversal in their attitude to Philotas. Because of the high incidence of passages where Curtius appears to be in tandem with Diodorus, Curtius has also been credited by some with using other sources who feature more in the debate on Diodorus’ sources, and especially Diyllus and Duris.
My reservations, summarized in (1998b), 3466, have been challenged by Ballesteros-Pastor (2003). 39 Quintilian 3. 7. 10–17 sets out the model for the related genre of the encomium as a type of epideictic oratory; McQueen (1967), 19–20. 40 As for example on events in Greece, with Agis’ last stand at Megalopolis (7. 2. 18–34). 41 McQueen (1967), 18–19 lists other examples to illustrate these points. 42 Polybius 1. 4. 3; cf. 7. 7. 6, 16. 14. 1 and 29. 12. 2–4; Cic. Fam. 5. 12. 2–7. 43 I have noted possible Thucydidean echoes at 6.
10. 12 notes that he feels obliged to repeat what he has found in his source(s), but is sceptical about its historical value. This was something of a convention of historiography, starting with Herodotus (1. 5. 3, 2. 123. 1, 5. 45. 2, and 7. 152. 3); cf. Sallust Iug. 17. 7, Livy Praef. 6, Valerius Maximus 1. 8. 7, Pliny HN 17. 93, Tac. Germ. 3. 102 Curtius tries a diVerent device to win trust in his judgement of the sources at 5. 6. 9, where he introduces a surprising detail with the line, ‘but unless we are going to be sceptical about other matters, we must accept the tradition’ (that some 12,000 talents of treasure were seized in Persepolis).