By Edgar Lerma, Jeffrey Berns, Allen Nissenson
To-the-point diagnostic and healing details on kidney ailments, high blood pressure, and kidney transplantation
CURRENT necessities of Nephrology & high blood pressure is a pragmatic, state of the art overview of the medical administration of kidney affliction and high blood pressure. Concise and authoritative, the e-book deals a constant, easy-to-follow presentation and punctiliously addresses high blood pressure and the whole spectrum of kidney diseases.
Conveniently offers one ailment according to page
Bulleted information overlaying necessities of prognosis, Differential analysis, and therapy for every sickness state
A Pearl, and mostly, a reference for every condition
Every part or subsection prepared in alphabetical order
Important subspecialty issues, together with care of pediatric, aged, diabetic, aged, diabetic, and significant care sufferers
Read or Download Current Essentials of Diagnosis & Treatment in Nephrology & Hypertension PDF
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Extra info for Current Essentials of Diagnosis & Treatment in Nephrology & Hypertension
Kidney stones and nephrocalcinosis in neonatal form. Liberal sodium and potassium intake. Potassium supplementation. Possibly K+ sparing diuretics. Possibly ACE-inhibition. NSAIDS (neonatal form). Pearl Consider loop diuretic abuse when this syndrome is entertained, especially if diagnosed in an adult. Reference Gill JR: Bartter’s syndrome. Annu Rev Med 1980;31:405. 3 Disorders of Potassium Metabolism 31 Gitelman Syndrome ■ Essentials of Diagnosis Genetic defect in the sodium chloride cotransporter in the distal convoluted tuble (autosomal recessive).
Possibly K+ sparing diuretics. Possibly ACE-inhibition. NSAIDS (neonatal form). Pearl Consider loop diuretic abuse when this syndrome is entertained, especially if diagnosed in an adult. Reference Gill JR: Bartter’s syndrome. Annu Rev Med 1980;31:405. 3 Disorders of Potassium Metabolism 31 Gitelman Syndrome ■ Essentials of Diagnosis Genetic defect in the sodium chloride cotransporter in the distal convoluted tuble (autosomal recessive). • Hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. • Mild volume depletion (patients are often normotensive).
Emerging data suggest a possible role of vaptans in managing hyponatremia in congestive heart failure and liver cirrhosis in selected patients. Pearl In hypervolemic hyponatremia, the degree of hyponatremia often correlates with the severity and prognosis of the underlying disease, especially in the case of congestive heart failure and liver cirrhosis. Reference Decaux G: Treatment of symptomatic hyponatremia. Am J Med Sci 2003;326:25. 2 Disorders of Water Regulation 21 Hyponatremia with Extracellular Fluid Volume Contraction ■ Essentials of Diagnosis Hyponatremia with low plasma osmolality and elevated urine osmolality (>100 mOsm/kg).