By Eve Gruntfest, John Handmer
This quantity is the court cases of a NATO-sponsored complex learn Institute (ASI) entitled "Coping with Flash Floods" held in Ravello, Italy on 8-17 November 1999. Thirty-five contributors from 9 international locations attended the ASI, representing either constructed (United States, England, Italy, and Mexico) and constructing (Poland, Uganda, Greece, Ukraine, and Slovenia) international locations. contributors from numerous professions and disciplines have been concerned together with a hydraulics engineering professor from Slovenia, 4 participants from the Polish Institute of Meteorology and Water administration, and a U. S. Geological Survey study hydrologist from Puerto Rico. even though the ASI used to be formally composed of teachers and scholars, those roles have been blurred as every person shared details and concepts, and discovered from the opposite members through the 10 days. one of many highlights of the ASI used to be the collaborative attempt of members from diverse nations and disciplines. It used to be relatively remarkable that the 2 engineers from Greece made the main passionate pleas for long-term sustainable ideas to flash floods. one more instance is that whereas there have been merely 3 contributors with social technology backgrounds, lots of the thoughts concentrate on the coverage and societal priorities, greater than the engineering, hydrologic or meteorologic efforts.
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Extra resources for Coping With Flash Floods
10] provide especially useful techniques. Rather than develop yet another means of measuring and presenting social vulnerability, the work presented here builds on what has already been done, but does so in a different light. Specifically, the method presented by Lowry el al.  to evaluate social vulnerability (as opposed to their entire methodology, which includes hazard factors and social factors at the macro and micro scales) is extracted and applied, using GIS, to an area subject to flash flooding.
Burt, 405-435, John Wiley, New York. 10. Beven, K. (1989) Changing ideas in hydrology - The case of physically-based models, J. ofHydro I. , 105, 157-172. 1. 35 II. , and Profeti, G. (1998) Application of Landsat TM data to evaluate soil hydrological status in the Arno basin, Italy: preliminary results. Atti dell' European Symposium on Remote Sensingfor Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology, SPIE Proceedings Series 3499, 52:57. 12. W. (1988) Applied hydrology. McGraw Hill. 13. S. (1997) The integration of the Areal Mean Basin Estimated Rainfall (AMBER) flash flood warning system with automated rain gage data.
30 Volunteers, or weather spotters, can be a very important source of real-time information during a rapidly evolving, small-scale event like a flash flood. Human observations are not fixed to a certain point, and they can contain very useful information about trends and conditions. It is therefore very useful for communities to organize and train their volunteers in weather and hydrologic observation. 4. Hydrology: Analyzing and Modeling Runoff Characteristics A common characteristic of many mid-latitude flash flood events is that they are usually produced by mesoscale convective systems embedded in larger-scale systems that produce large rainfall accumulation over time windows of several hours to a few days.