Posted in Communism Socialism

Download Constructing socialism: technology and change in East by Professor Raymond G. Stokes PhD PDF

By Professor Raymond G. Stokes PhD

With a cloud of blue smoke and a high-pitched whine, Trabant vehicles carried many East Germans westward after the Berlin Wall got here down in November 1989. The car's Fifties layout, seen environmental incorrectness, and all-plastic physique turned a logo of the technological barriers of East German communism. although unfair and oversimplified, the well-known photo from the early Nineties of the rear of a Trabi sticking out from a dumpster appeared to suggest that the auto, just like the process which had produced it, were consigned to the dustbin of background. yet as Raymond G. Stokes issues out in developing Socialism, jap Germany in 1945 was once the most hugely built, technologically refined business parts on the earth. regardless of the glaring failings of its know-how through the overdue Eighties, the German Democratic Republic maintained complex technological power in chosen components. If the method itself was once essentially improper, what explains successes below the exact same procedure? Why may perhaps the successes no longer be repeated in different parts? And if examples of luck are so remoted, how did East Germany last up to it did?To solution those questions, developing Socialism examines the method of innovation that introduced a few minimum point of technological excellence into the East German economic system and undefined. targeting good fortune instead of failure, Stokes bargains a common historical past of East German expertise among 1945 and 1990. He combines an summary and synthesis of rising scholarly literature with an exam of newly opened archival fabric in an effort to discover concerns that come with automation, standardization, know-how move and technological tourism, and espionage. developing Socialism investigates particular applied sciences and machines but additionally emphasizes the folk who designed and applied them and the cultural context and meanings of technological platforms.

Show description

Read Online or Download Constructing socialism: technology and change in East Germany 1945-1990 PDF

Best communism & socialism books

Changing Anarchism: Anarchist Theory and Practice in a Global Age

The big protests opposed to globalisation lately have re-awoken curiosity in anarchism. altering anarchism units out to reposition anarchist concept and perform by means of documenting modern anarchist perform and offering a plausible analytical framework for realizing it. The contributions the following, from either teachers and activists, bring up demanding and occasionally provocative questions on the complicated nature of strength and resistance to it.

What's left?: radical politics in the postcommunist era

The cave in of Soviet-style communism has provoked an id obstacle between socialists and leftists giving upward push to split id politics between feminists, gays and different social events. This examine explores this hindrance and gives feedback for a brand new imaginative and prescient and path for the left.

Stalin's Russia and the crisis in socialism

This booklet is the fruit of lengthy and concerned learn, first of Marx's theoretical philosophy, moment of Lenin's impetuously useful software of it, 3rd of the progressively constructing result of the innovative test set going below Lenin's suggestions.

Eclipse and Re-emergence of the Communist Movement

Within the years following 1968, a few humans inquisitive about the main radical points of the French common strike felt the necessity to contemplate their studies and to narrate them to previous innovative endeavors. This intended learning prior makes an attempt and theories, particularly these of the post-1917 German-Dutch and Italian Communist Left.

Additional info for Constructing socialism: technology and change in East Germany 1945-1990

Example text

Chapter 2 A First, Flawed Construction Technology Planning and Practice through 1958 S hortly after the founding of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), the East German Democratic Republic was established, in October ∞Ω∂Ω. Both successor states to the formerly united Germany set about creating the institutions and traditions required by any nation. From autumn of ∞Ω∂Ω they regained a considerable amount of control over their internal political, social, and economic affairs, but both continued to labor under severe restrictions on their sovereignty.

Zeiss was one of the major resources for the Soviet zone and, later, East Germany. It maintained a very high level of technological capability throughout the GDR’s existence and was a major foreign-exchange earner for the often cash-strapped country. Other, less well-known firms performed similar yeoman service for the regime, including Zeiss Ikon in the camera industry, as well as others in the motor industry and industrial-design sector. Despite this impressive legacy of earlier German industrialization and technological excellence, there were some inherent difficulties in the situation of the Soviet zone at war’s end.

It did occur, but primarily indirectly, because the enterprises were forced to produce and invest based on the needs of the Soviet economy and the Soviet market, and not those of the East German economy or its traditional foreign markets. Although GDR and Soviet technology remained different in many respects from ∞Ω∂∑ through ∞ΩΩ≠, there was a gradual convergence. However, this was not solely related to the SAGs. ’’≥∞ But this contention gets us ahead of our story somewhat, and will be revisited in later chapters.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.78 of 5 – based on 30 votes