By Ian S. Fentiman
Guy's health facility, London, united kingdom. specializes in present examine and destiny advancements within the box. hugely topical textual content designed for the expert looking the newest considering at the debatable components surrounding breast melanoma. Sections comprise biology, analysis, preliminary remedy difficulties, and systemic remedy. References are superstar rated. DNLM: Breast Neoplasms.
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Townsend, one of his parishioners in Stratford-on-Avon: 72 First they cutt the skin cross and laid itt back, then they workt their hands in ytt, one above and the other below, and so till their hands mett, and so brought itt out. They had their needles and waxt thread ready, but never ust them; and allso their cauterizing irons, but they used them not: she lost not above six ounces of blood in all. Dr. Needham coming too late, staid next day to see it opened. Hee said itt was a melliceris (a cystic tumour filled with a honey-like substance), and not a perfect cancer; but itt would have been one quickly.
Petrus Camper, for instance, first thought that cancerous poison spread from the diseased breast along musdes and nerves. After his discovery of the 'mossy glands', as he called them, alongside the intern al mammary blood vessels, which he associated with the only too common experience of local recurrence, he was converted to the lymphogenous theory of transmission llO (Fig. 16). 38 Fig. 15. Pectorallymph drainage according to Mascagni. The concept of 'metastasis' still seems to have been somewhat alien to GiovanniBattista Morgagni (1682-1771), the great eighteenth-century pathologist.
109 The word 'cell' is not yet used in the sense of tissue-cell, however. It was employed to describe the macroscopic aspect of body fat. Camper in 1797 did look upon cancer as 'a wholly changed and destructed glandular mass', but it is not quite clear whether he discarded the influence of humours in its origin. 110 Menopause and all kinds of psychic influences are almost invariably cited in the medicalliterature of the eighteenth century as additional factors that might encourage the development of scirrhus of carcinoma.