By Daniel L. Schafer
“An unique and critical contribution to the scholarship of Florida, the British Empire, the Caribbean, Africa, slavery and emancipation, the colonial usa, and the Atlantic international. Kingsley used to be a determine who moved via many worlds, and this meticulously researched paintings follows his many trails. it's the definitive biography in this attention-grabbing character.”—Jane Landers, writer of Atlantic Creoles within the Age of Revolutions
“The tale is interesting and exhibits the interconnections of the Atlantic international in all its complexities. Kingsley’s philosophy challenged the standard perspectives of slavery, race family members, and the murky flooring among freedom and dependency.”—Paul E. Lovejoy, writer of Transformations in Slavery
A debatable determine for his perspectives on manumission and his unorthodox marital preparations, Zephaniah Kingsley Jr. (1765–1843) is usually recognized this day for his citadel George Island plantation in Duval County, Florida, now a countrywide Park carrier website, and for his 1828 pamphlet, A Treatise at the Patriarchal process of Society, that endorsed simply and humane remedy of slaves, liberal emancipation rules, and granting rights to unfastened individuals of colour. mockingly, his fortune got here from the acquisition, sale, and exertions of enslaved Africans.
In this penetrating biography, Daniel Schafer vividly chronicles Kingsley’s evolving innovations on race and slavery, exploring his enterprise practices and his inner most lifestyles. Kingsley fathered childrens through numerous enslaved girls, then freed and lived with them in a distinct mixed-race family members. one of many women—the just one he stated as his “wife” notwithstanding they have been by no means officially married—was Anta Madgigine Ndiaye (Anna Kingsley), a member of the Senegalese royal family members, who used to be captured in a slave raid and acquired through Kingsley in Havana, Cuba.
A send captain, Caribbean service provider, and Atlantic slave dealer through the perilous years of foreign struggle following the French Revolution, Kingsley sought defense less than impartial flags, altering allegiance from Britain to the us, Denmark, and Spain. Later, while the yank acquisition of Florida introduced inflexible race and slavery regulations that endangered the liberty of Kingsley’s mixed-race relations, he spoke back by way of relocating his “wives” and kids to an enormous agricultural cost in Haiti that he validated at no cost people of color.
Kingsley’s statement that colour shouldn't be a “badge of decay” made him strange within the early Republic. His certain lifestyles is published during this interesting reminder of the deep connections among Europe, the Caribbean, and the younger United States.