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Download The "Errors" in the King James Bible by Peter S Ruckman PDF

By Peter S Ruckman

During this booklet, Dr. Ruckman examines 400 so-called contradictions, which Bible-agnostics have supposedly present in the King James Bible. He exhibits that not anyone has ever confirmed one errors in that textual content. The reader is given entire, irrefutable, and Biblical solutions to the “corrections” made via the Hebrew and Greek scholastic apostates in those alleged “problem texts.” This publication is an vital software for answering the Bible’s critics. With this paintings, Dr. Peter S. Ruckman solutions each significant assault at the phrases of the licensed textual content, as you will have it, and exhibits that no guy, residing or lifeless, has ever proved one mistakes within the textual content.

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Download Nation-State (Muhammed in History, Thought, and Culture: An by Nassef Manabilang Adiong PDF

By Nassef Manabilang Adiong

Geographical region is one of those polity or political unit of research. It comprised the weather of authority (form of government), nationality (large variety of humans known as citizens), territoriality (juridical set of criminal boundaries), and sovereignty (attained during the acceptance bestowed by means of one other geographical region or just through a global association equivalent to the United Nations). furthermore, it's a sleek entity (mostly secular in nature) that advanced from Greek/Italian city-states, Roman’s res publika (public affairs) to Western geographical region approach, which was once conceived by way of ecu political elites and typically attributed by way of a few political/social scientists as a fabricated from the Peace of Westphalia in 1648.
In spite of that figuring out, Western students (orientalists) routinely and consciously disregard the contributions of Asian or center jap students relatively Islamicist (one who passionately examine Islam and its civilizations basing from diverse our bodies of information) to the literature at the learn of countryside. Prophet Muhammad, its next contributors of ulama (scholars), and jurists have additionally contributed to the perception and evolution of the geographical region phenomenon.

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Download Hinduism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short by Kim Knott PDF

By Kim Knott

Hinduism is practiced via approximately eighty percentage of India's inhabitants, and by way of approximately 30 million humans outdoor India. yet how is Hinduism outlined, and what foundation does the faith have? during this Very brief advent, Kim Knott offers transparent perception into the ideals and authority of Hindus and Hinduism, and considers the ways that it's been stricken by colonialism and modernity.

Knott deals succinct reasons of Hinduism's primary preoccupations, together with the position of latest authorities and academics within the quest for non secular achievement; and the functionality of normal performances of the Mahabharata and Ramayana--scriptures which current the divine in own shape (avatara) and supply types of habit for everybody, from kings and warriors to servants and kids, and which specialise in the dharma, the fitting tasks and ethical tasks of the several varna or sessions. the writer additionally considers the demanding situations posed to Hinduism on the finish of the 20th century because it spreads some distance past India, and as issues are raised approximately matters reminiscent of dowry, loss of life, caste prejudice, and where of girls in Hindu society.

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Download The Religion of the Mithras Cult in the Roman Empire: by Roger Beck PDF

By Roger Beck

This quantity is a learn of the spiritual procedure of Mithraism, one of many "mystery cults" well known within the Roman Empire modern with early Christianity. Roger Beck describes Mithraism from the viewpoint of the start up enticing with the faith and its wealthy symbolic method in idea, be aware, ritual motion, and cult existence. He employs the equipment of anthropology of faith and the hot cognitive technology of faith to discover intimately the semiotics of the Mysteries' astral symbolism, which has been the crucial topic of his many past courses at the cult.

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Download Beyond Belief: My Secret Life Inside Scientology and My by Lisa Pulitzer, Jenna Miscavige Hill PDF

By Lisa Pulitzer, Jenna Miscavige Hill

Jenna Miscavige Hill, niece of Church of Scientology chief David Miscavige, was once raised as a Scientologist yet left the arguable faith in 2005. In past trust, she stocks her precise tale of lifestyles contained in the top ranks of the sect, information her stories as a member Sea Org—the church's maximum ministry, speaks of her "disconnection" from kinfolk open air of the association, and tells the tale of her final escape.

In this tell-all memoir, whole with kin images from her time within the Church, Jenna Miscavige Hill, a fashionable critic of Scientology who now is helping others go away the association, deals an insider's profile of the ideals, rituals, and secrets and techniques of the faith that has captured the fascination of hundreds of thousands, together with a few of Hollywood's brightest stars corresponding to Tom Cruise and John Travolta.

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Download Battling the Gods: Atheism in the Ancient World by Tim Whitmarsh PDF

By Tim Whitmarsh

How new is atheism? even supposing adherents and competitors alike this present day current it as an invention of the eu Enlightenment, whilst the forces of technology and secularism greatly challenged these of religion, disbelief within the gods, actually, originated in a much more distant prior. In Battling the Gods, Tim Whitmarsh trips into the traditional Mediterranean, an international virtually unimaginably varied from our personal, to recuperate the tales and voices of these who first refused the divinities.

Homer’s epic poems of human striving, touring, and keenness have been old Greece’s purely “sacred texts,” yet no historical Greek inspiration two times approximately wondering or mocking his tales of the gods. monks have been functionaries instead of assets of ethical or cosmological knowledge. The absence of centralized non secular authority made for a unprecedented number of views on sacred concerns, from the devotional to the atheos, or “godless.” Whitmarsh explores this kaleidoscopic diversity of principles in regards to the gods, targeting the colourful people who challenged their lifestyles. between those have been a few of the maximum historical poets and philosophers and writers, in addition to the fewer renowned: Diagoras of Melos, might be the 1st self-professed atheist; Democritus, the 1st materialist; Socrates, accomplished for rejecting the gods of the Athenian nation; Epicurus and his fans, who proposal gods couldn't intrude in human affairs; the brilliantly mischievous satirist Lucian of Samosata.

Before the revolutions of overdue antiquity, which observed the scriptural religions of Christianity and Islam enforced by means of imperial may well, there have been few constraints on trust. every little thing replaced, besides the fact that, within the millennium among the looks of the Homeric poems and Christianity’s institution as Rome’s nation faith within the fourth century advert. As successive Greco-Roman empires grew in dimension and complexity, and tool used to be more and more focused in relevant capitals, states sought to impose collective spiritual adherence, first to cults dedicated to person rulers, and eventually to monotheism. during this new international, there has been no room for outright disbelief: the label “atheist” used to be used now to demonize a person who only disagreed with the orthodoxy—and so it is going to stay for centuries.

As the twenty-first century shapes up right into a time of mass details, but additionally, ironically, of collective amnesia about the tangled histories of religions, Whitmarsh offers a bracing antidote to our assumptions in regards to the roots of freethinking. via shining a mild on atheism’s first thousand years, Battling the Gods deals a well timed reminder that nonbelief has a wealth of culture of its personal, and, certainly, its personal heroes.

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Download Vom Störfaktor zum Operator: Religion im Diskurs der by Stephanie Garling PDF

By Stephanie Garling

Im Zuge einer statuierten „Rückkehr der faith“ stellt Stephanie Garling die gegenwärtige Formation der Kategorie faith in den Fokus ihrer empirischen Studie und betrachtet faith als Diskurskategorie, die einem ständigen Prozess sozialer Konstruktion unterliegt. Am Beispiel des Politikfeldes Entwicklungszusammenarbeit macht die Autorin typische Auseinandersetzungen mit dem Gegenstand der faith in der heutigen Zeit kenntlich und illustriert anhand programmatischer Texte, used to be als faith wahrgenommen wird.

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