By Martin Robson
Within the maelstrom of Napoleonic Europe, Britain remained defiant, resisting French imperial objectives. This Anglo-French competition used to be, primarily, a politico-economic clash for pre-eminence fought on an international scale and it reached a zenith in 1806-1808 with France's obvious dominance of Continental Europe. Britain reacted rapidly and decisively to enforce maritime-based options to restrict French army and advertisement earnings in Europe, whereas keeping British out of the country pursuits. The coverage is especially obvious in kin with Britain's "Ancient Ally": Portugal. That kingdom and, by means of organization her South American empire, grew to become front line within the conflict among Napoleon's targets and British maritime protection. laying off new light on British struggle goals and maritime method, this can be a necessary paintings for students of the Napoleonic Wars and British political, diplomatic, fiscal and maritime/military background.
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Extra info for Britain, Portugal and South America in the Napoleonic Wars: Alliances and Diplomacy in Economic Maritime Conflict (International Library of Historical Studies)
Fortescue, quite rightly, bemoaned the appalling casualties, blaming Dundas for practically destroying the British Army. 82 The main criticism, apart from the terrible human toll, is that the troops devastated in the West Indies could have been better used to secure British interests in Europe. 84 On the other hand Duffy has argued during the 1790s British involvement in Europe actually drained resources away from West Indian campaigns, ‘the needs of the European war had a greater effect in taking British troops from the Imperial war than vice-versa’.
95 In 1801 and again in 1807 the Portuguese island of Madeira was occupied to prevent the French from gaining a cruiser base in the heart of the Atlantic trade routes. In 1804 a Spanish treasure fleet was attacked. After Trafalgar any remaining enemy colonies were attacked, for instance the Cape of Good Hope in 1806, Curaçao and the Danish islands of St. Croix and St. Thomas in 1807, Martinique in 1809, Guadeloupe in 1810. By 1811 all 18 BRITAIN, PORTUGAL AND SOUTH AMERICA French overseas possessions were in British hands.
1 THE STRATEGY OF THE TALENTS MINISTRY The Whig administration, formed after the death of Pitt, is known to posterity as ‘The Ministry of all the Talents’. 1 Taking up the post of Secretary of State for War and the Colonies was William Windham. Charles, 2nd Earl Grey (from April 1806 Viscount Howick) served as First Lord of the Admiralty, then replaced Fox at the Foreign Office in September. Howick was succeeded at the Admiralty by Thomas Grenville. Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth served as Lord Privy Seal and then Lord President of the Council.