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Download Biometrics in a Data Driven World: Trends, Technologies, and by Sinjini Mitra, Mikhail Gofman PDF

By Sinjini Mitra, Mikhail Gofman

Biometrics in a knowledge pushed international: tendencies, applied sciences, and Challenges goals to notify readers concerning the smooth purposes of biometrics within the context of a data-driven society, to familiarize them with the wealthy background of biometrics, and to supply them with a glimpse into the way forward for biometrics.

The first element of the booklet discusses the basics of biometrics and gives an summary of universal biometric modalities, particularly face, fingerprints, iris, and voice. It additionally discusses the heritage of the sector, and gives an summary of rising developments and possibilities. the second one component of the ebook introduces readers to quite a lot of biometric functions.

The subsequent a part of the booklet is devoted to the dialogue of case stories of biometric modalities presently used on cellular functions. As smartphones and pill pcs are quickly turning into the dominant buyer computing device systems, biometrics-based authentication is rising as a vital part of shielding cellular units opposed to unauthorized entry, whereas allowing new and hugely well known purposes, similar to safe on-line cost authorization.

The ebook concludes with a dialogue of destiny developments and possibilities within the box of biometrics, with a purpose to pave the best way for advancing study within the zone of biometrics, and for the deployment of biometric applied sciences in real-world applications.

The ebook is designed for people attracted to exploring the modern purposes of biometrics, from scholars to researchers and practitioners operating during this box. either undergraduate and graduate scholars enrolled in college-level safeguard classes also will locate this ebook to be a particularly worthy companion.

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Extra info for Biometrics in a Data Driven World: Trends, Technologies, and Challenges

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The available fingerprint technology continued to improve and by 1981, five automated fingerprint identification systems had been deployed [54]. As the cost of digital storage dropped significantly, the optical scanner gained in popularity. An optical scanner works by shining a bright light over a fingerprint and taking what is effectively a digital photograph. Instead of producing a dirty black photocopy, the image feeds into a computer scanner. The scanner uses a light-sensitive chip called a charge-coupled device to produce a digital image.

This might be a reason that passengers at airports may be unwilling to use fingerprint scanners due to hygiene-related health concerns. 4 Template Theft If biometric data are stolen, the privacy and security of the data owner are forever compromised. Compounding the problem is the fact that a person has a limited number of biometrics to fall back upon if one biometric is compromised. 6 million federal employees [91]. The concept is often referred to as revocable or cancellable biometrics [92].

It is well known that the quality of the image used for authentication purposes plays a vital role in the identification process for all biometrics. Considerable research has been focused on investigating how the quality of an image affects identification accuracy. Hence image quality assessment plays an important role in automated biometric systems for two reasons: (1) system performance (recognition and segmentation) and (2) interoperability [59]. Biometric systems that are typically used in public places suffer from the drawback of low-quality images.

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