By Paul M Hocking
This ebook stories the organic technology and history to breeding meat fowl, in particular broiler, turkey and duck. those advertisement birds were replaced by means of genetic choice to such an quantity that they're considerably various from conventional breeds and laying hens. masking technology, administration and husbandry structures, this finished textual content offers the hottest number of papers at the subject from a number foreign specialists.
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Additional info for Biology of Breeding Poultry (Poultry Science Symposium Series)
4 corresponds to the additive genetic variance in classical D 2 theory. The term (n − 1)2 σ A shows that the presence of heritable social S interactions can substantially increase total heritable variation. g. Muir, 1996). Essentially, 2 the term (n − 1)2 σ A represents the heritable variation present in the social S environment. 4 shows that a negative genetic covariance between DBVs and SBVs ( σ ADS ) reduces the total heritable variation. With negative σ ADS , individuals with positive breeding values for their own phenotype (DBV) have, on average, negative social effects on the phenotypes of their group members (SBV).
2004), which makes it possible to genotype individuals using genome-wide SNP assays containing over 20,000 SNPs per assay, will greatly contribute 32 P. Bijma and H. Bovenhuis to identifying QTNs. g. the callipyge mutation described by Takeda et al. (2006). This illustrates that even with the availability of the chicken genome sequence and genome-wide SNP assays the identification of QTNs is difficult. , 2007), which will affect the resolution of association studies in specific lines or chromosomal regions.
This result shows that, with social interactions among individuals, the total breeding value of a bird will depend on group size (n). Note that the social component of the TBV of an individual is expressed not in the individual itself or in its offspring, but in the phenotypes of their group members. In addition to a total breeding value, we can also identify the total heritable variation in the trait. Due to social interactions, the total heritable variation that is available to generate response to selection will differ from the usual (direct) additive genetic variance.