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By Zhen Fang

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Extra resources for Biodiesel: Feedstocks, Production and Applications

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Nitrate and phosphate removal by chitosan immobilized Scenedes‐ mus. Bioresource Technology 2008;99(5) 1274-1279. 043 [44] Wu L,F. et al. The feasibility of biodiesel production by microalgae using industrial wastewater. Bioresource Technology 2012, 113 :14-18 . [45] Ruiz-Marin, A. et al. Growth and nutrient removal in free and immobilized green al‐ gae in batch and semi-continuous cultures treating real wastewater. Bioresource Technology 2010;101(1) 58-64. 076 [46] Martínez, M. E. et al. Nitrogen and phosphorus removal from urban wastewater by the microalga Scenedesmusobliquus.

4. pH Microalgae require different pH values according to the media. During high pH concentra‐ tion, the carbon dioxide might be limiting factor for growth and photosynthesis. The most used pH range for algal growth is around 7-9. The optimal pH for algae is between 8. 2- 8. 7. But it can change with different strains. For example, Weissel and Stadler studied with Cryp‐ tomonas sp. which showed positive population growth rates over a wide pH range, from 4. 4 to 9. 65 [72]. Appropriate pH can be adjusted by ventilation or gassing.

Et al. Development of a ground-based space micro-algae photo-bioreactor. Advances in Space Research2008;41(5) 742–747. asr. 060. [39] Krichnavaruk, S. et al. Optimal growth conditions and the cultivation of Chaetocero‐ scalcitrans in airlift photobioreactor. Chemical Engineering Journal 2005;105(3) 91-98. K. et al. Parameters influencing the design of photobioreactor for the growth of microalgae. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2012;16(7) 5443-5450. 013 [41] Demirbas, A. Use of algae as biofuel sources.

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