By Jérôme Euzenat, John Domingue
This e-book constitutes the refereed court cases of the twelfth foreign convention on synthetic Intelligence: technique, structures, and purposes, AIMSA 2006, held in Varna, Bulgaria in September 2006.
The 28 revised complete papers awarded including the abstracts of two invited lectures have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from eighty one submissions. The papers are geared up in topical sections on brokers, constraints and optimization, person issues, selection help, types and ontologies, computer studying, ontology manipulation, usual language processing, and applications.
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Additional resources for Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications: 12th International Conference, AIMSA 2006, Varna, Bulgaria, September 12-15, 2006, Proceedings
In a similar way: w Undes i ϕ iff for every w ∈ Di (w), w ϕ and there is a world w ∈ Li (w) : w ϕ. g. tautologies and inconsistencies). We have the following introspection constraints: if w ∈ Bi (w ) then Bi (w) = Bi (w ), Pi (w) = Pi (w ), Li (w) = Li (w ) and Di (w) = Di (w ), insuring that agents are aware of their beliefs, probabilities, desires, and “undesires”. We also require that U ⊆ Bi (w) for every U ∈ Pi (w), ensuring that belief implies probability. Dynamic Operators. After α and Before α are defined in the standard tense logic Kt , viz.
Theorem. We can prove that Admiration i,i (ϕ) ↔ Pride i (ϕ) and Reproach i,i (ϕ) ↔ Shame i (ϕ). This is rather intuitive, all the more Ortony et al. introduce the term selfreproach for shame. 2 Composed Emotions These emotions occur when the agent focuses on both the consequences6 of the event and its agency. They are thus the result of a combination of well-being emotions and attribution emotions. def Gratiﬁcation i (i:α, ϕ) = Pride i (i:α) ∧ Bel i Before i:α ¬Bel i F ϕ ∧ Joy i ϕ def Remorse i (i:α, ϕ) = Shame i (i:α) ∧ Bel i Before i:α ¬Bel i F ϕ ∧ Distress i ϕ def Gratitude i,j (j:α, ϕ) = Admiration i,j (j:α) ∧ Bel i Before j:α ¬Bel i F ϕ ∧ Joy i ϕ def Anger i,j (j:α, ϕ) = Reproach i,j (j:α) ∧ Bel i Before j:α ¬Bel i F ϕ ∧ Distress i ϕ For example, a woman i may feel gratitude (p.
Def FearConﬁrmed i ϕ = Bel i P Expect i ϕ ∧ Undes i ϕ ∧ Bel i ϕ def Satisfaction i ϕ = Bel i P Expect i ϕ ∧ Des i ϕ ∧ Bel i ϕ The agent feels relief (resp. disappointment) if he is “pleased (resp. displeased) about the disconfirmation of the prospect of an undesirable (resp. desirable) event”. def Relief i ϕ = Bel i P Expect i ¬ϕ ∧ Undes i ¬ϕ ∧ Bel i ϕ def Disappointment i ϕ = Bel i P Expect i ¬ϕ ∧ Des i ¬ϕ ∧ Bel i ϕ For example a woman w who applies for a job (p. 111) might feel fear if she expects not to be offered the job (Expect w ¬get-job), or feel hope if she expects that she will be offered it (Expect w get-job).