By J'Nell Pate
Stockyards helped to set up a few of America’s maximum towns. Early at the scene have been stockyards in towns reminiscent of Cincinnati, in a different way referred to as “Porkopolis,” and meat stockyards and packing powerhouse Chicago, which used to be thought of the #1 farm animals marketplace within the country. Markets quickly opened within the Midwest and at last increased additional westward to California and Oregon.
Other smaller markets made huge contributions to the undefined. The cow cities of citadel worthy and Wichita by no means reached the prestige of Chicago yet did have huge cattle receipts. citadel worthy, for example, grew to become the biggest horse and mule industry in 1915, as international battle I produced an elevated call for for those animals.
Meatpacking moguls referred to as the massive Four—Phillip Armour, Gustavus fast, Nelson Morris, and Edward Cudahy—usually financed those growing to be markets, managed the meatpacking company and, in flip, the stockyards businesses. even if the individuals replaced, this oligopoly remained intact for far of the length of the stockyards undefined. although, as railways gave strategy to highways, the markets declined and so too did those moguls. by way of the tip of the 20th century, virtually each significant industry closed, bringing an finish to the stockyard era.
J’Nell Pate’s exam of this period, the folks, and the markets themselves recounts an important a part of the background of America’s meat industry.
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Additional resources for America's Historic Stockyards: Livestock Hotels
Agents found the Fort Worth auction engaged in fraudulent weighing practices. One incident involved a man equipped with a two-way radio who was in the scale pit during an auction. The man stayed in contact with the dealers with whom he worked. When the dealers purchased cattle, the pit man manipulated the scale lever system to short weigh the cattle purchased, thus favoring the buyer. Conversely, when the dealers sold cattle, he reversed the procedure to favor them with heavier weights. ” The situation, involving a Portland commission company, tested the authority of 48 A M E RICA’ S H I STORIC S TOC KYARDS : L IVE STOC K H OTE LS the secretary of agriculture to suspend “for a reasonable specified period” a registrant who had violated the act.
Sioux City closed in 2002. Congress amended the P&S Act in 1976 to require that meat packers be bonded, largely because an Omaha meat-packing firm filed for bankruptcy owing $22 million to livestock sellers. 17 Bonds vary, depending on the amount of business conducted, but in no case is the bond coverage less than $10,000. 18 Two cases illustrate the type of problem the P&S Administration monitored. Agents found the Fort Worth auction engaged in fraudulent weighing practices. One incident involved a man equipped with a two-way radio who was in the scale pit during an auction.
Modernizing the older, multistory facilities in the large cities at the terminal markets would have been too expensive. Feedlots built near the new meat plants multiplied rapidly. S. Attorney General and a decade of court cases delayed the implementation of government regulation, by the mid-1930s stockyards owners began complying with the regulation laws. During the last half of the twentieth century Uncle Sam kept his eyes on the entire process through the continued efforts of the Packers and Stockyards Administration.